4 Methodologies You Can Use in Online Learning Platform

Methodology of Online Learning
Follow Us

Last Updated on February 6, 2021 by Arif Chowdhury

In this modern high technology era, everything has become digitized. We no longer send mail through the post office, no more sending a fax or using telegrams, these are all obsolete now. Even landline telephone is also backdated. We use email for instant formal communication. Social media is a revolutionary discovery in the history of mankind where people around the globe can connect from their homes.

Though School, College & University remain the same as before, however, they are using high tech devices to make it flexible & easy to get access from distance. For example, the online learning platform. It’s a virtual classroom where students & teachers do not have to leave their homes to join. Almost all kinds of activities can be done through this virtual space.

In the recent pandemic crisis of COVID-19, online learning platforms have become even more popular than before. As the government instructs to maintain social distancing in all types of organizations including education institutes. A virtual classroom is now a perfect alternative to maintain social distance as well as keep the regular activities alive.

There are 4 methodologies that you can use in an online learning platform to maximize the outcome. In this article, I will walk you through these 4 methodologies briefly.

Methodology 1: Asynchronous Learning Method

This is the most common form of learning methodology available in almost all online learning institutes. There is no traditional fixed timeframe to study & no requirement for a classroom. A student can download all necessary study materials online. Study at their own pace. If they face any trouble they can discuss with their faculty through an online communication channel. Not only with faculty but also with other students through an online discussion board. Students can collaborate just like a physical University campus.

But the good thing is, unlike a regular course there is no fixed time, which means if a student is talented enough & if they can finish their study earlier, then they can sit for an exam.

Asynchronous learning method
source: https://catlintucker.com/2020/08/asynchronous-vs-synchronous/

This is why the Asynchronous method is very popular among students from various fields. As you can see, it is completely up to you to decide when you are going to study & sit for an exam. Especially helpful for people who also work in a full-time job. As fixed time is sometimes quite impossible for them to manage.

When it comes to downloading study materials online is even better than a physical resource. Just think this way, you won’t have to visit a library to purchase a book instead you can get it with a simple mouse click. The same goes for communication, as none of you ever have to get off from your room to communicate with other students & faculty.

Recommended Reading: Best Online Learning Platforms for 2021 (Review)

Methodology 2: Synchronous Learning Method

This methodology is different from Asynchronous. As you will participate in a live virtual classroom instead of studying alone yourself. Just like a physical classroom you & other students will join & a faculty member will give you a lecture through a virtual classroom. It’s similar to a group video chat, where everyone can see each other & can instantly communicate.

This methodology sometimes felt more interactive than the first one. You can do everything like a physical classroom. Share your thoughts, ask questions instantly in the classroom, group discussion can be done as well without any interruption. The only difference is that the whole class is taking place in a virtual space. Everything else is quite similar to a physical classroom.

Though it’s similar to a physical classroom, however, you are getting more benefits than usual. For example, every class is automatically recorded by the system & can be downloaded later in audio/video format. This can be tremendously useful for revision purposes at your own pace. Sometimes it may happen that you have missed an important lecture or the entire class, in that case, you can download the entire class lecture & later watch it at your favorable time. This, however, would be impossible in a physical classroom.

Synchronous learning method
source: https://catlintucker.com/2020/08/asynchronous-vs-synchronous/

Apart from this, everything else is quite similar to a physical classroom. After a certain period faculty will take quizzes, give assignments that will have limited time, you may have to give a presentation in virtual class using your webcam. The course itself will have limited time let’s say for example 3 months’ duration. Unlike Asynchronous methodology where you won’t have to worry about any time frame.

For your reference, Synchronous methodology currently in use in every School. College & University, as it is instructed by the government to maintain social distance.

Recommended Reading: Synchronous vs Asynchronous Learning Method

Methodology 3: Hybrid Learning Method

It is a combination of both Asynchronous & Synchronous methodology. Students can have both pre-recorded video/audio lectures as well as a live classroom feature. All resources are downloadable in pdf/MS Word format and an entire classroom lecture can be downloaded in audio/video format for later study. This hybrid methodology is mainly used in an online institute where various types of people admit from full-time student to full-time job holder.

Methodology 4: Competency

This method is mainly focused on the organization’s environment. It is not a study based methodology instead of performance-based. For example, after 3 months how your performance has improved based on the current training session?

Your senior will give you instruction & monitor the progress. And based on your performance the company offers you a promotion. Unlike a course, here in the competency method, there are no academic books & lectures, perhaps you may receive formal training but the ultimate exam is your work performance. You may receive lecture sheets, audio & video resources from the instructor & can have the opportunity for online discussion as well.

Most of the time you will start this training in a batch alongside your colleagues. Thus it is very competitive, unlike a regular study course where you only have to get the pass mark for the certificate. However, in an organization, the company will only reward promotions to the top-performing candidates.


The online learning platform is very flexible for all types of environments. Whether you want to learn alone or in a group you will have that option. You will decide your own study time. The exam will take place according to your demand.

If you want to train your new or existing employees, you can do it with this platform. This is a fast & effective learning & teaching method for all types of candidates from young academic students to professional personnel.

For an organization, it is an easy, flexible & cost effective method to train their employees while for a learning institute it is a lucrative opportunity to get more students & faculty. And finally, for a student, it is a cheap, effective & flexible option to learn from the comfort of their home.